Proper care of your pet can prevent it from getting sick and infecting the family. Also, to prevent the spread of your pet’s disease, observe the following precautions:
- Keep your pet’s vaccinations up to date.
- Take your pet regularly to the veterinarian for health checks.
- Keep your pet’s living area and bed clean.
- Feed your pet a balanced diet, and maintain continuous access to clean and clean water, and prevent him from eating raw food or drinking toilet water.
- Clean the sanitary boxes of cats daily. Pregnant women should not touch these boxes, which contain the feces of cats, because they can get infectious diseases that cause birth defects, including toxoplasmosis.
- Wash your hands carefully after touching animals or cleaning up debris.
- Use a device or bag to remove dog feces from the yard or public areas. Dispose of droppings in the appropriate container.
- After handling reptiles, it is very important that you wash your hands, because these animals can carry a bacterium called salmonella. Salmonella can cause salmonellosis, which is characterized by diarrhea, fever and abdominal cramping for up to a week. Most people who get salmonella will have symptoms for four to seven days and will recover without treatment.
- Keep children away from dog or cat droppings. This will help prevent the spread of ascites and hookworms.
- Be sure to cover litter boxes so cats don’t use them as sanitary boxes.
Wild animals and infectious diseases
Wild animals and insects can carry some very serious diseases that include rabies, tetanus, Lyme disease, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, hanta virus and plague. Do not allow your children to feed or play with wild animals (such as squirrels or raccoons). Never leave a child under 5 years old alone around a wild or domestic animal. Animal bites and scratches, even if small, can become infected and spread bacteria to other parts of the body. Either way, whether the bite is caused by a family pet or a wild animal, the bites and scratches can spread disease. Cat scratches, for example, even if they are kittens, can lead to a bacterial infection called “cat scratch disease.”
Immediate care for animal bites
This is what needs to be done:
- Wash the wound with soap and water, without scrubbing; If you restrict it, it will cause bruising of the tissue.
- If the bite or scratch bleeds, apply pressure with a clean bandage or towel to stop the bleeding.
- Dry the wound and cover it with a sterile gauze bandage, but do not use duct tape or butterfly bandages to join the edges of the wound as they can enclose the harmful bacteria in the wound.
- Call your health care provider or a healthcare professional and ask for advice on how to report the attack and determine if you need additional treatment or not, such as antibiotics, tetanus vaccine booster or a rabies vaccine.
- If possible, locate the animal that caused the injury. Some animals need to be captured, confined and observed to detect manifestations of rabies. Do not try to capture the animal yourself; it is preferable that you contact the nearest animal guard or animal control office in your area.
- If the animal cannot be located, if it belongs to a high-risk species (skunk or bat) or the animal’s attack was not provoked, the victim may need a series of rabies vaccines.
What is rage?
Rabies is a widespread viral infection in warm-blooded animals. Caused by a virus of the Rhabdoviridae family, rabies attacks the nervous system and, once symptoms occur, is virtually 100 percent fatal in animals.
In North America, rabies occurs mainly in skunks, raccoons, foxes and bats. In some areas, these wild animals infect domestic cats, dogs and cattle. In the United States, cats are more likely than dogs to have rabies. Generally, rabies is rare in small rodents, such as beavers, chipmunks, squirrels, rats, mice or hamsters. Rabies is also uncommon in rabbits. In the mid-Atlantic states, where rabies is increasing in raccoons, rabies can be transmitted to American marmots (in English, woodchucks or groundhogs).
How is rabies presented?
The rabies virus enters the body either through a cut, a scratch or mucous membranes (such as the lining of the mouth and eyes), and travels to the central nervous system. Once the infection has established itself in the brain, the virus moves quickly through the nerves of the brain and multiplies in different organs.
The salivary glands and organs are the most important in the spread of rabies from one animal to another. When an infected animal bites another animal, the rabies virus is transmitted through the infected saliva of the animal. Scratches with the claws of rabid animals are also dangerous because these animals lick them.
What are the symptoms of rabies?
In humans, the incubation period from the time of exposure to the onset of the disease can vary from five days to more than one year, although the average is approximately two months. The following are the most common symptoms of rabies. However, each individual may experience the symptoms in a different way. Symptoms may include:
- Pain, tingling or numbness around the wound
- Low fever
- Loss of appetite
- Be intense, but drinking will induce painful throat spasms
The symptoms of rabies may resemble other conditions or health problems. Always consult your healthcare provider for a diagnosis.
How to prevent rabies
Teach young children to never walk towards or try to touch a wild animal. Be sure to get your dogs and cats vaccinated against rabies. If you have other types of pets, ask your veterinarian if they have to get vaccinated against rabies. Keep your animals in a fenced yard or on a leash. Make sure your macota has an identification plate with vaccine history, name and contact information.