What are the best known zoonoses
- Hydatidosis It is transmitted by a type of worms Equinococcus granulosus . These parasites can be found in the intestines of animals and transmitted to humans through contaminated objects or feces. It is a serious problem since they can cause hydatid cysts in different organs such as the liver and cause serious damage to health. “Although it is one of the zoonoses that most concern us, its prevention is very simple. Simply deworm the animal correctly, ”recalls Baciero.
- Rage. It is the oldest known viral zoonosis. It is caused by a type of virus. It produces serious neurological damage and respiratory arrest. Vaccine prevention is key to stop this disease. An animal that suffers from rabies can transmit it to the human by biting.
- Leishmaniasis Disease transmitted by the females of some mosquitoes called sandflies that, by sucking the blood, inoculate leishmania. Leismaniosis can manifest with non-healing skin wounds, inflammation of the liver and spleen, and kidney and liver failure. The use of pipettes and collars is essential to avoid insect bites. There is a very small possibility that the same mosquito that infects the dog transmits the disease to the person. But it can happen that the mosquito bites the person (although there is no animal at home), ”he says
- Toxoplasmosis It is caused by a parasite, Toxoplasma gondii, which can be transmitted through the feces of animals such as cats. It is especially dangerous if it affects the pregnant woman as it can cause damage and malformations to the fetus. To prevent this disease it is necessary to maintain good hygiene of the animal’s cabin, as well as avoid direct contact with feces.
- Bartonellosis It is a disease transmitted by a bacterium known as Bartonella henselae that can be transmitted by a cat’s scratch or bite. In humans it can cause fever and painful inflammations.
Tick-borne diseases such as babesiosis, Lyme disease, anaplasmosis or ehrlichiosis are very serious for your pet, so bite should be prevented with prophylactic measures. In addition, they can also cause problems for people. Although there are some types of ticks, especially of the Hyalomma lusitanicum type , which do have a preference for us and their bite can be deadly.
How contagion occurs
When a parasite tries to invade the organism of any individual, the immune system is put into action to stop the infection. Therefore, the possibility of contagion is closely linked to the defense’s response. Vaccination, in this sense, is the best weapon so that our furry do not contract the disease. The deworming is, moreover, essential for potential pathogenic microorganisms do not cause a health problem or transmitted to the owners, especially children.
The best resources to deworm pets are the use of collars and pipettes, which contain active ingredients that spread through the hair of animals, and the administration of oral drugs that eliminate internal parasites, such as tapeworms, worms … “Although they are chemical substances, they are perfectly controlled and the antiparasitic agents, if used correctly, are not toxic. In high doses, as with any medication, or due to misuse, it can cause toxicity, but the safety doses are very high. For example, if a dog swallows a collar it can cause digestive problems. If the contents of a pipette contact with eyes can cause irritation, etc .In some animals they can produce a slight allergy. In that case, we will have to find the right product. But you should never stop using them, since we can compromise the health of our pet, ”he warns.
They are also not toxic to us, but we must take a series of precautions when administering them, such as wearing gloves or washing our hands immediately.
Tips to protect pets
In addition to the use of products to prevent the bite of mosquitoes, ticks or fleas, we must also consider these aspects to protect the health of our friends:
- When a pet is adopted or purchased, it must be taken to the veterinarian for proper sanitary and deworming control. In many cases, the protective association, kennel or the breeder will have already carried out a first check, but it is advisable to go to our trusted veterinarian as soon as possible.
- Whenever stool is collected, it must be done with protection, and disposed of in the trash, never in the drain or toilet.
- It is advisable to avoid, as far as possible, that dogs or cats play in children’s playgrounds. We must also try that children do not put our pets’ toys or other utensils in their mouths.
- Respect the times and instructions for use of antiparasitic pipettes and collars. For example, avoid bathing the pet when the pipette is applied and change the collar every month or every semester, depending on the brand.